تدعو منظمة الصحة العالمية إلى لقاح ضد البكتيريا التي تقتل 150 ألف طفل كل عام

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أطلقت منظمة الصحة العالمية ، الأربعاء ، دعوة عاجلة لتطوير لقاح ضد عدوى بكتيرية تتسبب في وفاة 150 ألف طفل وإملاص كل عام.

المكورات العقدية من المجموعة ب (GBS) ، التي تسبب تعفن الدم والتهاب السحايا ، هي مشكلة صحية أكبر بكثير مما كان يعتقد سابقًا ، وفقًا لتقرير صادر عن منظمة الأمم المتحدة ومدرسة لندن للصحة والطب الاستوائي.

ويكشف التقرير أن هذا النوع من البكتيريا يسبب 500 ألف ولادة مبكرة كل عام والعديد من الإعاقات الدائمة.

الوثيقة ، بينما تؤكد حجم الظاهرة – حوالي 100،000 طفل متوفى و 50،000 مولود ميت كل عام – تسلط الضوء على “الثغرات” في جمع البيانات التي تشير إلى أن العدد الحقيقي للضحايا يمكن أن يكون أكثر.

قال فيليب لامباش ، الذي يعمل في مجال التحصين في منظمة الصحة العالمية: “تُظهر هذه الدراسة الجديدة أن المكورات العقدية من المجموعة ب تشكل تهديدًا مقومًا لبقاء الأطفال حديثي الولادة ورفاههم ، وله تأثير مدمر على عشرات العائلات في جميع أنحاء العالم”.

وأكد لامباش أنه بسبب الآثار المدمرة لهذا النوع من البكتيريا ، “تدعو منظمة الصحة العالمية – مع شركائها – إلى التطوير العاجل للقاح GBS للأم”.

شددت البروفيسور جوي لون من LSHTM على أن اللقاح يمكن أن ينقذ مئات الآلاف من الأرواح وأعرب عن أسفه لأنه لم يكن هناك المزيد من التقدم عندما تم إطلاق فكرة تطوير لقاح هناك لأكثر من ثلاثة عقود.

في المتوسط ​​، 15٪ من النساء الحوامل ، أو حوالي 20 مليون كل عام ، يحملن هذا النوع من البكتيريا الموجودة في المهبل.

يمكن أن تنتقل البكتيريا إلى الجنين من خلال السائل الأمنيوسي وأثناء الولادة ، إذا كان الطفل يمر عبر القناة المهبلية.

في كل عام ، يعاني 40.000 طفل من اضطرابات عصبية ناجمة عن المكورات العقدية من المجموعة ب. حاليًا ، يتم علاج النساء المصابات بـ GBS بالمضادات الحيوية أثناء الولادة لتقليل مخاطر إصابة الطفل. لكن الإجراء غير مناسب في العديد من البلدان.

تم العثور على أعلى معدلات حالات GBS للأم في أفريقيا جنوب الصحراء الكبرى ، والتي تمثل نصف جميع الحالات على مستوى العالم وكذلك في شرق وجنوب شرق آسيا ، وفقًا لتقارير الدراسة.

يقدر المؤلفون أن اللقاح المضاد لـ GBS الذي سيتم إعطاؤه أثناء الفحوصات الروتينية أثناء الحمل والذي سيؤثر على 70 ٪ من النساء الحوامل ، سيمنع وفاة 50000 من الأطفال حديثي الولادة والجنين كل عام.





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