استجواب مخرج مسرحية يثير مخاوف من الرقابة في لبنان | أخبار حقوق الإنسان

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بيروت، لبنان – يواصل ملايين الأشخاص في لبنان الذي يعاني من ضائقة مالية معاناة الزيادات المذهلة في الأسعار وانقطاع التيار الكهربائي – مدخراتهم الحياتية عالقة في البنوك عندما هم في أمس الحاجة إليها.

مع خروج الاقتصاد اللبناني عن السيطرة دون أن يلوح حل في الأفق ، يريد الكثير من عامة الناس التنفيس عن ذلك.

لكن بعد استجواب مدير مسرحية عن القيام بذلك يوم الإثنين من قبل عملاء مديرية الأمن العام ، يخشى البعض من أنهم لن يتمكنوا حتى من التعبير عن أنفسهم.

منعت القوات الأمنية مسرح المدينة في شارع الحمرا في بيروت مساء السبت من إقامة عرض التنفيسة – وهي مسرحية تعني حرفيا “تنفيس”. السبب: فشل المدير في إرسال السيناريو للأمن العام للمصادقة عليه.

قالت المخرجة والممثلة المخضرمة نضال الأشقر لقناة الجزيرة: “نقدم دروسًا في المسرح كل عام ، وهذا العام ، أردنا أن يكون شكلاً من أشكال العلاج بالدراما”. “لم نحصل على إذن رسمي لأن هذا كان مجرد جزء من دروس متقدمة.”

قدم الممثلون المحبطون بعض أغاني المسرحية على الرصيف أمام حشد من الناس.

شعر الممثلون بالفخر بهذا العرض من التحدي ، لكن الفخر تحول بعد ذلك إلى خوف بمجرد استدعاء المخرج الفلسطيني للمسرحية عوض عوض بعد يومين. ليس لأنه لم يقدم سيناريو لمراجعته ، ولكن لأنه اتهم بالإهانة الرئيس ميشال عون في مسرحيته.

ولم يتسن الحصول على تعليق من عوض ، لكن محاميه أصدر بيانا قال فيه إنه نفى هذه المزاعم. المسرحية لن تستمر بدون مراجعة.

وقال الأمن العام في بيان إنه يضمن إطاعة القوانين ، ورفض الانتقادات بأنه يقمع حرية التعبير.

لا سبيل للهرب

قالت آية أبي حيدر ، إحدى الممثلات في المسرحية ، إنها تخشى أن تستمر قوانين الرقابة اللبنانية في استهداف الفنانين ، خاصة خلال الأزمات التي تعصف بالبلاد.

“أشعر أن أي شيء نفعله للتعبير عن أنفسنا خلال هذا الوضع يتم إغلاقه ، مما يعني أنه ليس لدينا وسيلة للهروب” ، قال أبي حيدر لقناة الجزيرة ، مشيرًا إلى تدهور الظروف المعيشية مثل النضال من أجل تأمين الوقود.

“ولكن على الرغم من محاولة التغلب على كل هذا للقيام بالمسرحية ، تسللت الرقابة ومنعتنا من أداء ثانٍ.”

غالبًا ما جعلت لوائح الرقابة اللبنانية من الصعب على الفنانين والمخرجين وكتاب السيناريو إصدار مواد تنتقد البلاد.

وقال الأشقر إن هذا الصراع مستمر منذ عقود. وقالت: “لقد قمنا بحملة ضد الرقابة قبل 50 عامًا ، ونحن نفعل الشيء نفسه اليوم”. “إذا كان الفنانون يمارسون الرقابة الذاتية ، فأنت بذلك تتخلص من الإبداع وقمع الخيال.”

في الوقت الذي يكافح فيه لبنان للتعامل مع كارثة اقتصادية دفعت ثلاثة أرباع السكان إلى هوة الفقر ، كان الكثير من التركيز على جعل اقتصاد البلاد قابلاً للحياة مرة أخرى وإنهاء الفساد المستشري الذي ابتليت به لعقود.

شكل لبنان للتو أول حكومة كاملة منذ أكثر من عام في الشهر الماضي.

هناك دائما خوف

لكن بعض المراقبين يخشون من أن هذا التركيز الفردي قد ينتقص من خنق السلطات المتزايد للحريات الشخصية في السنوات الأخيرة. بعض أحكام قانون العقوبات اللبناني “[criminalise] حرية التعبير “، هيومن رايتس ووتش وأشار، وتم استخدامه لمنع انتقاد المسؤولين السياسيين والأمنيين والدينيين.

“السيطرة الثقافية” – كما يصفها جاد شحرور ، مسؤول الاتصالات في منظمة مراقبة الحقوق في بيروت ، سكايز – آخذة في الازدياد.

قال شحرور: “حظر الأفلام والمسرحيات واستجواب المخرجين والكتاب – الأمر يزداد سوءًا بالتأكيد”.

قال الأشقر إن على الجمهور أن يقرر ما إذا كان ينبغي تقديم مسرحية أم لا – وليس السلطات. لكنها أقرت بأن تحقيق الحرية الفنية الكاملة لن يكون سهلاً.

وقالت: “المسرح منصة للجميع للتعبير عن أنفسهم بحرية ، ولن نوقف معركتنا ضد الرقابة”. “لكن بالطبع ، هناك دائمًا خوف.”





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